If your body mass index is 30 or higher, you will probably be entitled to several months of intensive counselling to help you lose weight. No co-payment will be required. You can read the details in this article posted on November 29, 2011, by MedPage Today.
Medicare Will Pay for Obesity Counseling
WASHINGTON — Medicare will pick up the tab for obesity screening and intensive behavioural counselling,
CMS, which first floated the obesity coverage plan last September, said it expects more than 30% of the Medicare population to qualify for the new benefit.
Beneficiaries with body mass index values of 30 or more can receive weekly in-person intensive behavioural therapy visits for one month, followed by visits every two weeks for an additional five months, fully paid by Medicare with no copayment.
Additional monthly sessions will be covered for up to six months afterwards if the beneficiary has lost at least 6.6 pounds (3 kg) during the first six months.
The sessions should also include dietary counselling, the agency said
Medicare patients who fail to lose the 6.6 pounds in six months may be reevaluated at the one-year mark after the initial screening. Those showing “readiness to change” and a BMI value still at 30 or more may receive another round of counselling paid by Medicare.
“It’s important for Medicare patients to enjoy access to appropriate screening and preventive services,” said outgoing CMS administrator Donald Berwick, MD, in a statement.
Counselling must take place in a primary care setting such as a physician’s office. It will not be covered when provided in skilled nursing facilities, hospitals, emergency departments, outpatient surgery centres, or hospices.
A primary care setting is defined as “one in which there is the provision of integrated, accessible healthcare services by clinicians who are accountable for addressing a large majority of personal healthcare needs, developing a sustained partnership with patients, and practising in the context of family and community.”
Peter Jacobson, JD, MPH, a health policy professor at the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor, told MedPage Today and ABC News in an email that the decision is important in its own right, but will be even more significant if private insurers follow suit to cover such counselling.
But he took issue with the benefit’s restriction to counselling provided only in primary care settings — referrals to speciality practices or centres for counselling will not be covered by Medicare.
“Primary care is necessary but not sufficient to address the obesity epidemic,” Jacobson said. “Without community-based services and referrals, the overall policy impact may not be as robust as would a policy linking medical care with public health.”
A former president of the American Heart Association was also not 100% pleased with the news coverage.
Robert Eckel, MD, of the University of Colorado’s medical school in Aurora, Colo., told MedPage Today in a phone interview that he was sceptical that the counselling to be provided would achieve major, lasting improvements in patients’ health.
“The question is sustaining the benefit” of successful weight loss beyond the first year, he said. He said his initial reaction was that the coverage is “more money [paid out of Medicare] without proven benefit.”
Another health policy expert, Robert Field, JD, MPH, PhD, of Drexel University in Philadelphia, told MedPage Today and ABC News in an email that “if people are obese when they reach old age, they probably have a lifetime of bad habits that will be difficult to break.”
But both men said the move was positive on the whole. Eckel called it “a step in the right direction” that would “make me more capable as a clinician to deal with the [obesity] epidemic,” and said he expected that the AHA would be very pleased with the decision.
Gail Wilensky, PhD, currently a senior fellow at Project HOPE and formerly a top adviser to Pres. Bill Clinton, said it would be “important and useful to set up a mechanism to evaluate the program in three to five years,” modifying or killing it according to the results.
To qualify under the new benefit, counselling must be consistent with the “five A’s” listed in a U.S. Preventive Services Task Force recommendation, according to CMS’s decision memo:
- Assess: Ask about/assess behavioural health risk(s) and factors affecting the choice of behaviour change goals/methods.
- Advice: Give clear, specific, and personalized behaviour change advice, including information about personal health harms and benefits.
- Agree: Collaboratively select appropriate treatment goals and methods based on the patient’s interest in and willingness to change the behaviour.
- Assist: Using behaviour change techniques (self-help and/or counselling), aid the patient in achieving agreed-upon goals by acquiring the skills, confidence, and social/environmental supports for behaviour change, supplemented with adjunctive medical treatments when appropriate.
- Arrange: Schedule follow-up contacts (in person or by telephone) to provide ongoing assistance/support and to adjust the treatment plan as needed, including referral to more intensive or specialized treatment.
The agency had published the proposal to cover obesity screening and counselling under Medicare in early September, with a 90-day comment period to follow.
It based the decision on a review of studies and other evidence indicating that such counselling is effective in helping obese patients to lose significant weight, which in turn reduces risk of cardiovascular events and other adverse outcomes.